Přednáška E. Keuleerse (Tilburg): A transaction-based view on the language environment

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Date(s) - 15/05/2019
4:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Zadal: Jan Chromý

místnost č. 18, hlavní budova FF UK


Emmanuel Keuleers: A transaction-based view on the language environment
15. 5. 16:00, č. 18 na hlavní budově FF UK (nám. Jana Palacha 2).

In the past decades, psycholinguistics has convincingly demonstrated that the way we use and process language is remarkably sensitive to the distribution of language in our environment. Researchers who do not have access to language users’ true environments have therefore long relied on language corpora as a proxy. In the transaction-based view, current corpora cannot offer a faithful representation of either the indiviual or the aggregated language environment because they do not represent the transactions occurring between participants in the language system. I will present data from online crowdsourcing studies in which millions of people participated in word recognition tasks to show that the lexical statistics obtained from actual participants in the language system are so far removed from „gold standard“ word frequencies that a transaction-based view on our language envirorment is not only theoretically motivated but also empirically required.